Contracting for public procurement

Building knowledge and deploying research to analyse and diagnose issues in the field of public procurement.

Our work in this field includes developing a sector-agnostic framework to measure the impact of procurement inefficiencies on the financial health of firms; to identify the landscape of institutions that play a role in the planning-to-payment stages of government procurement; understand contract structures in public procurement across different fields; identify state capacity issues in commercial contracting; taking deep dives into some sectors where government procurement is undertaken at a large scale and studying the efficacy of dispute resolution mechanisms in government contracts.

Special focus

Government vaccine contracting

Research paper

The footprint of union government procurement in India

  • Anjali Sharma
  • Susan Thomas
xKDR working paper 10,
November 2021

How elements of the Indian state purchase drugs

  • Harleen Kaur
  • Ajay Shah
  • Siddhartha Srivastava
xKDR working paper 5,
August 2021

Public discourse

How competitive is bidding in infrastructure public procurement? A study of road and water projects in five Indian states
Charmi Mehta and Diya Uday
The Leap Blog,
29th March 2022
Lessons from the COVID-19 vaccine procurement of 2021
Charmi Mehta and Susan Thomas
The Leap Blog,
15th November 2021
Is monetising public assets a good idea?
Montek Singh Ahluwalia and Ajay Shah
(An associated article in The Hindu.)
The Hindu Parley podcast with Prashant Perumal
3rd September 2021
Lessons from the Delhi Metro
Pavithra Manivannan
Business Standard,
28th July 2021
Litigation in public contracts: some estimates from court data
Devendra Damle, Karan Gulati, Anjali Sharma and Bhargavi Zaveri
Downstream of this:
The Mystery of the Efficient and Responsible Litigant: Notes on a Data-Driven Analysis of Litigation in Public Contracts from the Delhi High Court by Rajarshi Sen & Aditya Vemulakonda, Indian Journal of Projects, Infrastructure and Energy Law, 30 July 2021;
What Data Tells Us About Litigation in Public Contracts by Swati Banerjee, Justice Hub, 10 September 2021.
The LEAP Blog,
26th May 2021
How large is the payment delays problem in Indian public procurement?
Pavithra Manivannan and Bhargavi Zaveri
The LEAP Blog,
22nd March 2021
Monetisation lessons from NHAI
Charmi Mehta and Bhargavi Zaveri
Business Standard,
10th March 2021
The bottleneck of government contracting
Ajay Shah
Business Standard,
25th January 2021
What ails public procurement: an analysis of tender modifications in the pre-award process
Shubho Roy and Anjali Sharma
The LEAP Blog,
26th November 2020
The payment woes of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai
Anjali Sharma and Bhargavi Zaveri
Business standard,
23rd November 2020
The problems of public procurement and payment delays: A review of the recent literature
Sourish Das and Rabia Khatun
The LEAP Blog,
23rd November 2020
Does India need a public procurement law?
Shubho Roy and Diya Uday
The LEAP Blog,
19th August 2020


Call for Papers Chennai Mathematical Institute (CMI) and XKDR Forum Joint Field Workshop on Firm Finance with CMI,
30th July 2022
Field Workshop on Firm Finance with CMI,
17th - 18th September 2021
Roundtable on Economic issues in government procurement with CMI,
22nd January 2021
Inaugural session on ``Government contracting: a key barrier for state capacity'' Emerging Markets conference 2020,
14th December 2020
Field workshop on Firm finance and behaviour with CMI,
9th-11th September 2020